|Title||Amazonian Dark Earths: pathways to sustainable development in tropical rainforests?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Journal||Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. Cienc. Hum.|
Fertile dark anthrosols associated with pre-Columbian settlement across the Amazon Basin have sparked wide interest for their potential contribution to sustainable use and management of tropical soils and ecosystems. In the Upper Xingu region of the southern Amazon, research on archaeological settlements and among contemporary descendant populations provides critical new data on the formation and use of anthrosols. These findings provide a basis for describing the variability of soil modifications that result from diverse human activities and a general model for the formation of Amazonian anthrosols. They underscore the potential for indigenous systems of knowledge and resource management to inform efforts for conservation and sustainable development of Amazonian ecosystems.