An Indonesian National Workshop on “Biochar for future food security: Learning from experiences and identifying research priorities” took place 4-5 February 2013. The workshop was held at the Food Crop Center of Agricultural Research & Development Agency, on Jalan Merdeka Bogor. The workshop on biochar was done in collaboration among IRRI, JIRCAS, and the Agricultural Research & Development Agency.
The speakers were from the Technicality Center for Forestry and Forest Products of Agricultural Research and Development Agency, the Agricultural Research Institute of Land Swamp (Balittra), the Environmental Research Institute of Agriculture, the Climate Change and Policy Center, the Agricultural Library and Technology Dissemination Center, the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Hokkaido University Japan, the University of Brawijaya, the University of Lambung Mangkurat, the University of Tribhuwana Tunggadewi, the University of Lampung, and the University of Mataram. Several speakers have joined the Biochar Association of Indonesia (ABI).
There were 14 topics presented at the event, specifically:
- The key concept of sustainable food production and restoration of degraded environment by increasing soil fertility using biochar;
- The state of the art of biochar and activated carbon research in Indonesia;
- The effect of activated carbon urea on POPs residue in mustard cropping;
- The role and use of activated carbon to control insecticide residues in agricultural sectors;
- Biochar technology manufacturing plants for forestry and agriculture;
- The use of biochar to improve soil characteristics and increase of rice yield in swampland;
- Greenhouse gas emissions in production and use of biochar in peat lands of Kalimantan;
- Nitrogen fertilizer requirements of maize on soil with three years of biochar applications;
- Changes in water retention, water use efficiency and aggregate stability following biochar application on maize cropping systems on sandy Soils of the tropical semiarid of Lombok, Eastern Indonesia;
- The residual effects of biochar and addition of new organic fertilizer to the absorption and efficiency of nitrogen fertilization on maize;
- Biochar on acid mineral soil improving soil quality and crop yield ;
- Changes in same soil properties by application of biochar;
- An economic analysis of biochar application on agro forestry systems; and
- Effectiveness of rice husk derived biochar on Lowland Rice.
The event ended with the submission of the group discussions results on crop production and its impact on the environment as well as the biochar production and links to national policy.
The publication of articles will be made by IRRI after each speakers fill the publishing agreement. The participants and/or the workshop committees are Prof. Mitsuru Osaki, Dr. Keiichi Hayashi, Prof. Dr. Ir. Hadi Utomo Wani, Prof. Dr. Gustan Pari, M.Si, Prof. Ainin Niswati, Dr. Gani, Dr. Abdul Hadi, Ms. Elisabeth Srihayu Harsanti, Dr. Asep Nugraha Ardiwinata, Dr. Dedi Nursyamsi Affandi, Dr. Laela Neneng Nurida, Dr. Ir. Sukartono, M. Agr, Dr. Ir. Widowati, M.P, Dr. Eni Maftuah, Mr. Rachman Effendi, Dr. Zulkifli Zaini, Dr. Ir. Results Sembiring, M.Sc, Dr. Ir. Prihasto Setyanto, M.Sc, Dr. Hendrik Segah, Ir. Hardono, Dr. Argo Nuning Subeki, Ir. Etty Herath, M.Si, Ms. Diah Wurjandari Soegondo, Mr. Iwan Adidarmawan, and Ms. Iris Bugayong.
In addition to the workshop, the Biochar Association of Indonesia (ABI) also held a meeting at the Santika Hotel, Bogor, on 4 February 2013. The ABI meeting was to elect the Chairman of the Biochar Association of Indonesia. The participants agreed to elect Prof. Dr. Ir. Wani Hadi Utomo as General Chairman and Prof. Dr. Gustan Pari, M.Si as Chairman I. Furthermore, within three months the board of management of ABI will be completed. In 2013, ABI will compose the Articles of Association and Bylaws, Main Tasks and Functions (TUPOKSI), and Work program of ABI. The ABI Secretariat is housed at University of Tribhuwana Tunggadewi, Jalan Telaga Warna Block C, Tlogomas, Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Information of ABI has been linked to International Biochar Initiative (IBI) by http: /regional/Indonesia and /regional/.